Moon cake historical evolution
At the time of the Northern Song Dynasty, it became popular in the courts, but it also spread to the people. At that time, it was commonly called "little cake" and "monthly group". Later it evolved into a circle, symbolizing a happy reunion, reflecting the people’s good wishes for reuniting with their families, and also deeply missing relatives and friends. The Northern Song Dynasty Royal Mid-Autumn Festival likes to eat a kind of "Palace Cake", which is commonly known as "cake" and "monthly group". Su Dongpo has a poem: "Small cakes are like chewing on the moon, and there are crisp and delightful dishes."
The book “Mooncakes” of Wu Zimu in the Southern Song Dynasty already has the word “moon cake,” but the description of the Mid-Autumn Festival and moon cakes is the only record of the “West Lake Tour” in the Ming Dynasty: “The August 15th During the Mid-Autumn Festival, the people left the moon cakes and left the righteousness of the reunion. In the Qing Dynasty, the description of moon cakes was more and more elaborate.
Zhou Mi, a writer of the Song Dynasty, first mentioned the name of “moon cake” in the “Old History of Martial Arts” that recorded the history of Lin’an in the Southern Song Dynasty.
In the Ming Dynasty, moon cakes were gradually circulated among the people during the Mid-Autumn Festival. At that time, the ingenuity of the pie makers printed the mythical story of the moon to the moon cake as a food art pattern, making the moon cake an essential food for the Mid-Autumn Festival, which is more popular among the people.
In the Qing Dynasty, eating moon cakes in the Mid-Autumn Festival has become a common practice, and the production techniques are getting higher and higher.